Greens can be stored several days in closed plastic bags in the refrigerator. You can also cut and use the entire plants. 6). As the leaves mature, the larger outer leaves can be picked off leaving the majority of the plant in the earth unscathed to continue to grow. When planting mustard greens seeds, plant each seed … Check the plants daily; if diseases appear, treat the plants with an approved fungicide. Too much heat causes them to be tough and strong flavored. Just before planting, drag the top from the ridges with a rake or hoe to widen the planting bed to 8 to 10 inches (Fig. 5.) Mustard varieties can be broadleaved or curled. Simmer the mustard greens as directed above. To harvest fall turnips, consider harvesting right after a light frost for a tastier flavor. Most leafy greens take very little time to mature and can be eaten at most any stage of their development. Leafy green lettuces can be picked as micro-greens when the leaves are tiny. Mustard Greens are an attractive addition to the garden and a great way to get a quick nutritious vegetable harvest. Do not leave them too long. Harvest turnip greens by pulling the entire plant when the leaves are 4 to 6 inches long (Fig. The ideal size of turnip roots harvested for bunching is 2 inches in diameter. Most greens are cool season veggies that are planted in the spring for an early summer harvest. Turnips and mustards need adequate nitrogen to develop a dark green color. Turnip roots will keep several weeks in a cool, humid area such as a root cellar or the bottom of the refrigerator. When cooked properly, mustard and turnip greens are high in minerals and vitamins A and C. Turnips can be used either for greens or for roots. Imagine, picking fresh leafy greens until the first hard frost! 1. Harvest the Greens. Other crops,such as Swiss chard, tolerate warm summer temperatures. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Immediately after harvest, ensure to rinse them properly before cooking or storing. If the ridges have been made 3 feet apart for planting other vegetables, plant two rows of mustard and turnips on each ridge. Harvesting Chard: How And When To Harvest Swiss Chard Plants, Swiss Chard Care – How To Grow Swiss Chard In Your Garden, Growing Spinach Inside – Indoor Potted Spinach Care, What Are Gratitude Flowers: Gratitude Flowers Activity Ideas, What Is A Gratitude Tree – Making A Gratitude Tree With Kids, Potted Chicory Care – Can You Grow Chicory In A Container, Summer Squash Types – Different Summer Squashes You Can Grow, Why Are My Peppers Bitter – How To Sweeten Peppers In The Garden, The Bountiful Garden: Bringing The Garden To Thanksgiving, Overwintering Containers And End Of Season Cleanup, Must Have Winter Shrubs – Top 7 Shrubs For Winter Interest, Enclosed Porch Garden – Indoor Gardening On The Porch. Curled leaf mustard produces narrow, wrinkled leaves like those of spinach. Sow mustard as early as 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date in spring. Broadleaved mustard has a wide, flat leaf. 7b). 2). Figure 2. Turnip is a dual purpose crop—the leaves are used for greens, and the root is cooked similar to potatoes and beets. Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System. You can also cut and use the entire plants. Both mustards and turnips lose quality and go to seed quickly when days become long and hot. Mustard greens are cold hardy and are one of the greens recommended by Eliot Coleman in his book “The Winter Harvest.” I’ve been successful in growing mustard greens in the greenhouse during the winter. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! All of them are easy to grow, rich in nutrients (although some more than others) and some can be eaten both fresh and cooked. Figure 7a. 4). Mustards are ready to harvest within 35-45 days after planting. For more information on how to prepare and serve mustards and turnips, contact your county Extension agent. Figure 1. Unused leafy vegetables make good additions to a compost pile. Leave the turnips 3 to 4 inches apart; remember that overcrowding prevents the turnip roots from developing. If the soil is sandy and the season is wet, apply more fertilizer later. They grow slowly in the winter, so don’t be surprised if they don’t replace the leaves as fast as you harvest them. A well-mulched garden usually does not have this problem. Cook greens only until they are tender. Turnip roots generally take 50 to 60 days to produce. For best production, they also need well-drained soil. The same method can be used on other greens such as kale. Home gardeners often grow mustard for greens. In the case of cabbage, wait to pick until the head is firm, and the same goes for head type lettuce. Because greens are harvested often, be sure to follow the waiting periods for pesticides. Before planting, widen the planting bed to 8 to 10 inches by dragging the top from the ridges with a rake or hoe. The reason is you can harvest the greens multiple times while the turnips are still growing. Always follow label directions. Mustard is arguably the healthiest condiment, and it's easy to grow!The variety and hardiness of these plants make them great choices for farmers of all experience levels. Figure 3. Diseases on turnips are most severe in cloudy, damp weather. For a fall crop, start planting 8 to 10 weeks before the first expected frost. A variety developed for root production can be harvested for greens. They supply essential vitamins like Vitamins K and C. Drain or dry the greens as much as possible. To have a continuous supply of fresh, tender mustard and turnip greens, make two or three plantings 10 days apart. Harvest turnip greens by pulling the entire plant when leaves are 4 to 6 inches long. 1). Phosphorus, the middle number on the fertilizer bag, is especially needed to grow good turnip roots. Read on if you’re interested in learning how and when to harvest garden greens. When the plants are 4 to 5 inches tall, apply ½ cup of fertilizer for each 10 feet of row. Kale can be picked even later. For now, feel free to continue reading. With a little knowledge about these ancient plants, you can grow mustard greens … This means that picking this leafy green can continue from July all the way through October! Purée the greens in a food processor or chop it by hand, add 4 to 6 tablespoons of melted butter, 2 tablespoons of heavy cream and a dash of nutmeg, then blend well. Growing Mustard Greens Soil Preparation. Some of them, like spinach, can be planted again late in the summer for a fall harvest as well. Cut the large outer leaves and leave the inner leaves to continue growing. How Long Does It Take to Harvest Mustard Seed?. They add spice to salads, nutrients to soups and stews, and the seeds have endless possibilities. Harvest mustard greens when they are young and tender. Some gardeners do not like curled mustard because it is hard to wash sand and dirt from the wrinkled leaves. Figure 6. Harvesting . Here is all you need to know about harvesting, storing, and utilizing your turnip green harvest. Harvesting Turnip Greens. Allow the ridges to settle, or pack them before planting. Scatter 2 to 3 pounds of complete garden fertilizer such as 10-20-10 over each 100 square feet. Plant turnips and mustards as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. 3). Turnips and mustards, members of the cabbage family, are cool-season crops. This is vital for fall crops. Both the broadleaf and curled leaf varieties are attractive and add green to a flower bed. Harvesting Mustard Greens Most mustard greens are ready to harvest as baby greens 20 to 30 days after sowing. They will be milder in flavor than when the leaves are mature but simply delicious. Figure 4. Click here if you’re interested in learning how and when to harvest garden greens. A leafy green harvest may consist of different types of lettuce, kale, cabbage, beet greens or collards. Download a printer-friendly version of this page: Growing Turnip and Mustard Greens (pdf), View this publication in Spanish: Cómo cultivar Nabo y Mostaza, Purchase this book:  Easy Gardening in Texas. Before planting mustard or turnips, till the soil then scatter 2 to 3 pounds of complete garden fertilizer such as 15-5-10 over each 100 square feet (Fig. Conclusion. You can plant one row of seeds down each side of the ridge. Keep the plants free of weeds, especially when they are small. Disclosure. Mustard and turnip greens are good until the weather gets hot. Figure 7b. Beet greens can be picked when the root is mature and eaten, or picked when the root is very tiny, as when thinning the beets.

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