The Tower of Babel The following are excerpts from the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia:

The tower was named The Tower of Babel because the word Babel means confusion. 5 And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children builded. The place where they built the Tower was called Babylon, on account of the confusion of languages.

Nebuchadnezzar later rebuilt such a tower in Babylon, which the Sumerians had called E-TEMEN-AN-KI (‘the building of the foundation-platform of heaven and earth’).1 The pyramids of Egypt and, much later, the great Mayan temples of Central America, reflected the design of the original Tower of Babel. When the population increased again, the building of the city was continued, with the result that Babylon ultimately became the greatest city of then known world. And the Lord appeared to them and confused their speech, when they had built the tower to the height of four hundred and sixty-three cubits. Therefore, the people of earth disperse, based on common language, and continue to fill the earth, just as the Lord commanded (Genesis 1:28). Did the Tower of Babel Exist? Those who gave counsel to build the tower, for they whom thou seest drove forth multitudes of both men and women, to make bricks; among whom, a woman making bricks was not allowed to be released in the hour of child-birth, but brought forth while she was making bricks and carried her child in her apron and continued to make bricks. l.c.). "Reaching heaven" is a common description in temple tower inscriptions. The imagery of a building reaching the heavens supports this suggestion (Gen 11:4). Some among that sinful generation even wanted to war against God in heaven (Talmud Sanhedrin 109a).

to religious buildings in Babylon. The same historian (Orosius) tells many other tales of this city, and says: "Although such was the glory of its building still it was conquered and destroyed.". The erection regarded by the Babylonians as the great Tower of their ancient city was E-temen-ana-ki, "the Temple of the foundation of heaven and earth," called by Nabopolassar and Nebuchadrezzar ziqqurat Babili, "the Tower of Babylon"--the world-renowned temple dedicated to Merodach and his consort Zer- panitum, Babylon's chief deities. He also quotes unnamed authors who say that the spiral path was so wide that it contained lodgings for workers and animals, and other authors who claim that the path was wide enough to have fields for growing grain for the animals used in the construction. The first 11 chapters of the book of Genesis, up to the birth of Abraham. Salem Media Group. A region notable for its early ancient civilizations, geographically encompassing the modern Middle East, Egypt, and modern Turkey. After all, … Various traditions similar to that of the tower of Babel are found in Central America. Gordon considers the height of the Tower of Babel. The similarity in pronunciation of Babel and balal (“to confuse”) led to the play on words in Genesis 11:9: “Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth.”. It is sad because it reveals the widespread rebellion in the human heart. However, their languages were confounded and they went to separate parts of the earth.

9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel (confusion); because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. The doors of these gates, which are of wonderful size, are cast in bronze. The Tower of Babel, plain and simple, was an act of rebellion against God. They were encouraged in this wild undertaking by the notion that arrows which they shot into the sky fell back dripping with blood, so that the people really believed that they could wage war against the inhabitants of the heavens (Sefer ha-Yashar, Noah, ed. Gen 11:1-9 is a myth set in primeval times, but this setting indicates neither that the text was written at the same time the “events” occurred nor that it is later. The main issue of dispute is the date, which most modern scholars would put several thousand years before the traditional date for the demise of the Tower of Babel.

One holds that Xelhua, one of the seven giants rescued from the deluge, built the Great Pyramid of Cholula in order to storm Heaven.

According to another mysterious Kabbalistic account, one third of the Tower builders were punished by being turned into various semi-demonic creatures and banished into three parallel dimensions, inhabited now by their descendants.[4]. As a result, readers often overlook the fact that Gen 11:1-9 reports little about the actual tower. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. Jan Christian Gertz, "Tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9)", n.p. (R) From there the Lord scattered(S) them over the face of the whole earth. As people moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there. In the one stood the palace of the kings, surrounded by a wall of great strength and size: In the other was the sacred precinct of Jupiter (Zeus) Belus, a square enclosure two furlongs [402 m] each way, with gates of solid brass; which was also remaining in my time. All this would seem to suggest that Gen 11:1-9 was composed after the strands of the primeval history and the ancestral narrative were combined, which likely happened fairly late (sixth century B.C.E.). From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth. ; Tan. And just like the people of Shinar refused to populate the whole earth and settle, God confused their languages, forcing them to move and fill the earth. Since a remote time, people had abandoned it, without order expressing their words.    |    Technical Support Josephus, a historian, points to one of the main reasons that Nimrod ordered the construction of the Tower of Babel was to create a structure tall enough to withstand another worldwide flood, like the one seen in Genesis 6. Genesis 11 tells us how the different languages originated. Together with Solomon’s temple, the tower of Babel may be the best-known building in the Hebrew Bible. The standard answer is that the project of building a tower reaching the heavens is a symbol of humanity’s arrogant pursuit of fame and power—ideas closely linked in the ancient Near East.

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