What if abundance abounds in directions we have been brainwashed not to imagine we can go. NASA is faking space travel (yes thats my humble opinion - but wow is there a lot of evidence to support that claim if you want to explore it). After winning the Nobel Prize in physics, my college roommate Adam Riess — now the Thomas J. Barber Professor in Space Studies at the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at Johns Hopkins University — was inundated with emails from people who wanted to share their own theories about his research. Reality is a social construct, a common denominator of the subjective experiences and perceptions of society forms our reality. The objective reality in this scenario is that the tree did fall in the forest and made a sound. When evidence in the form of objective data is lacking, we have a natural tendency to fill that gap with myths and fantasies. Keep in mind that flat earthers don’t just question or deny that the Earth is flat, which by itself doesn’t sound so crazy and in any event has little practical consequence in our daily lives. “Skepticism” is a term with which flat earthers and other conspiracy theorists might identify, but often they’re not being merely skeptical of evidence, but outright rejecting of facts. A caricature of subjective Bayes is that all probabilities are just opinion, and the best we can do with an opinion is make… The QAnon Conspiracy Theory: Mistrust and Mass Appeal, Understanding the Psychology of Conspiracy Theories: Part 2. Therefore, there is no objective reality that we can discern, and all reality is subjective. ► Flat Earthers: Conspiracy Thinking on a Global Scale A problem, on the other hand, is how exactly do we assess a subjective degree of belief? That could be the motive. These people believe they are victims and would never vote for a Republican candidate." Psychologically, there are many cognitive biases that bias this search for evidence, the most notable being “confirmation bias” which describes how we’re likely to discard information that contradicts our intuitions in favor of information that supports them. Psychologically, we know that it can be normal to believe things that aren’t true, especially when we’re blindly following our personal experience. In this quote (which paraphrases Mitt Romney), the first statement is objective. We are taught to believe in the vast emptiness of outer space, where the hint of traces water -- is worth all our hope and focus. Why are so many people drawn to conspiracy theories in times of crisis? So, that’s where many flat earthers start. Why Do False Flag Conspiracy Theories Follow Mass Shootings? As such, our best safeguard against the kind of built-in cognitive biases that might lead to false beliefs is better science education (and more objective journalism). This is especially true in cases where there is a lot of evidence to support the degree of belief, such as a repeatedly thrown die. The Relationship Between Anger and Vulnerability, View of Moon Limb with Earth on the Horizon, NASA (1969). It’s certainly true that some commonly accepted beliefs turn out to be completely wrong and that “thinking outside the box” can lead to breakthroughs in science. Here are some examples of objective and subjective statements: A popular thought experiment asks this hypothetical question: if a tree falls in a forest and there is no one to hear it, does it make a sound? It’s hard to know whether there are really more “flat earthers” today, but the internet certainly seems to have played a role in popularizing fringe beliefs like this one. But this is not the case, due to an ingenious argument which lays (only) one reasonable condition on the possible degrees of beliefs we can hold: they must 'cohere' in the sense of following the mathematical laws of probability. Researchers Find Increased Sexual Risks In Adults Over 45, Flat Earthers: Belief, Skepticism, and Denialism, Kyrie Irving, who claimed to believe that the world is flat, Twitter exchange with Neil DeGrasse Tyson, “evidence” to support suspicions about a second gunman in the JFK assassination, controlled demolition on 9/11, abductions by space aliens, or a flat earth is just a click away, When he didn’t believe the results detected by the Hubble Space Telescope, he repeated his observations again and again, Flat Earthers: Conspiracy Thinking on a Global Scale, Behind the Curve: The Science Fiction of Flat Earthers, Gang Stalking: Conspiracy, Delusion, and Shared Belief. This development of argument follows de Finetti rather than Ramsey, who instead conceded that in some cases, such as coin tossing and dice throwing, there may well be an objective type of probability. But this is an example — one of many — of how our subjective perception doesn’t always reflect objective reality and can get us into real trouble. When he didn’t believe the results detected by the Hubble Space Telescope, he repeated his observations again and again. I tried to point out how absurd believing that is, but had no luck. Using the laws and theorems of probability theory (specifically Bayes' theorem), we can use subjective probabilities to learn from experience. If we take the idea of betting further, then we can imagine that there are plenty of situations where we would simply not be inclined to bet on anything, even hypothetically. The easiest example is the question of morality: it's very, very common for religious apologists to argue that only their beliefs provide an objective foundation for morality. However, in the 1920s Frank Ramsey in Cambridge Ramsey1926 and Bruno de Finetti in Italy DeFinetti1931 independently proposed a radically different interpretation of probability which avoids these paradoxes by asserting that probability is a subjective degree of belief. That we would even consider calling the back-and-forth over Twitter between a musician who dropped out of the 9th grade and an astrophysicist with a Ph.D. from Columbia University a “debate” is a good illustration of what the democratization of opinion has done to the concept of truth and expertise in the age of the internet. Here the argument is one that appeals to our own interest: if we were prepared to bet on our degrees of belief and they don't follow the laws of probability, then a clever bookmaker can always sell us a book where we lose money, no matter what happens. Who is profiting from the round earth? When the findings wouldn’t go away, he had to change the theory to match the data — that kind of slogging through the scientific method is what got him the Nobel Prize.For more on Flat Earthers, see my other blog posts: Unless we’ve been into outer space, most of us see the Earth by standing upon it, where our perspective suggests a flat horizon. “The article suffers from subjective interpretations of data, and we reject it from publication in … Without exception, he told me, their theories were nonsense. Dead and alive: Beliefs in contradictory conspiracy theories. What are the possible explanations for this, according to psychology? The advantage of this view over the frequency interpretation is that it can deal with cases where there is no relative frequency to draw on: for example, Gigerenzer mentions the first ever heart transplant patient who was given a 70% chance of survival by the surgeon. did the same, making headlines over a Twitter exchange with Neil DeGrasse Tyson on the subject. Joseph M. Pierre, M.D., is a Health Sciences Clinical Professor at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Chief of the Hospital Psychiatry Division for the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare Center. ► Behind the Curve: The Science Fiction of Flat Earthers. Note that Dr. Riess’ discovery about the expansion of the universe didn’t start with a theory, it started with collecting data that defied conventional scientific wisdom. The Psychology of the Physical Bookstore Experience. Back in 2017, I was interviewed by the Spanish newspaper El País Semanal about Flat Earthers, based on my first blog post about flat earthers, "Flat Earthers: Belief, Skepticism, and Denialism." Removing doubts is the first effort that you must take to objectify your subjective belief. Laser and mirror experiments on lakes and other bodies of water demonstrate no curvature where there should be some 40 feet or in some cases several miles. The chair is placed in a museum and admired by thousands of art critics who come to see the beautiful chair. Goertzel T. Belief in conspiracy theories.

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