Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. (‘Barking’, functioning as a noun, is the sound heard by us). The main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Both can be used as the subject or object of a sentence. One example is “They were anxious to leave.” There are other structures that use infinitives as well. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: But, Than, Except, And, As, For: Direct Infinitive is used with these words. If #2:Please give me a pen to write. (Correct), #13:My mother taught me how cook food. (Incorrect)You should avoid driving at night. How to + Infinitive: When used with verbs of manner/method like teach, show, explain, learn, know, discover, and wonder etc., the infinitive is used as ‘how to’. c) Naveen comes here with a view to studying. e) Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. Some verbs take only a gerund. (Correct), #12:Shiela is bent to go to Hyderabad next week. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Gerund vs Infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by both a gerund and an infinitive (being used as a noun) without causing a change in meaning. Preposition + Gerund: is used after certain verbs and phrases that are followed by appropriate prepositions (in, on, from, of) instead of ‘to’. Non-Finite Verb: Verbs that have no separate subject and do not show tense (i.e.) I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. (Incorrect)He has given up playing sitar. This page of rules is not fun, but it will answer many questions that you or your students may have about gerunds vs. infinitives. b) Paul avoids using chemicals on the vegetables he grows. English Lessons for Kids - Videos, Printables, Games, Online Tests (Incorrect)Shiela is bent on going to Hyderabad next week. They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. a) He admitted to have uttered those words. a) I made the student write an essay. (functions as a noun, adjective or adverb), b) Gerunds. This is a challenging activity and should only be done with advanced students. Tip #2: Gerund vs. Infinitive, Participle. An introductory infinitive lesson could use the same approach in order to give students some easy infinitive practice without overwhelming them with various structures and uses. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. ESL Printables,, How Writing in Different Places Creates Leads, The Writer’s Cure for Blank Page Syndrome, Trying to Make it as a Professional Writer. Rules For Using Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds and Infinitives Gerund The “-ing” form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. (‘To’ removed as followed by modal verb ‘must). After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. (Incorrect)The train is expected to leave the station in five minutes. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. It will be difficult for us . Gerunds and infinitives both belong to the grammar category known as verbals, words that are technically verbs but function as other parts of speech. #1:He is addicted to watch TV continuously. After the main verb, both gerunds and infinitives can be used. the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: 2. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English Gerunds and Infinitives are types of Non-Finite verbs. Gerund and Infinitive Rules. Tip #6: Possessive Noun/ Pronoun + Gerund. Our collection is growing every day with the help of many teachers. ), As an Adverb: He will complete the mission to set an example. you want to download you have to send your own contributions. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs. (Incorrect)Please give me a pen to write with. Gerunds are formed by adding –ing to the end of a verb. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. the top. This page of rules is not fun, but it will answer many questions that you or your students may have about gerunds vs. infinitives. (I don't like dancing.) by Tara Arntsen 234,221 views. (wrong) You need not work hard (correct) Rules of Infinitives Participles and Gerunds. Instead of illustrating action or states of being, they may work as nouns or describing words, either by themselves or with a group of words, creating gerund or infinitive phrases. (Incorrect)He is too ill to go out. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. Object: Infinitive can act as an object following the verb. (functions as an adjective). With this information alone, you can create lesson plans that focus on the various uses of gerunds and infinitives and give students some practice using them in sentences. c) He rebuked you for coming late. The earthquake caused many buildings to collapse. (Note the meaning has changed from previous two examples). (Correct), #20:She might to come tomorrow. (functions as a noun), c) Participle. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs. (Correct), #18:The trainer let him to take a break. (With continuous infinitive form), b) Someone must have broken the window and climbed in. Exercice d'anglais "Infinitif, forme en -ing / infinitive, gerund" créé par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! Trying to address all of them in a single class period will simply confuse students. The information is condensed into one page so it does lack some bits and pieces, but all in all, it is a comprehensive view of this tricky part of speech. (Incorrect)My mother taught me how to cook food. (Correct), #14:The machine is for to measure weight.

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